OTs work with clients throughout the life span, and are often positioned to note changes in everyday activity that reflect the early stages of cognitive decline. Early screening and referral for diagnosis and intervention may help some clients to live more safely and productively for longer periods of time. The goal of this article is to educate OT practitioners about the definition of dementia, recognize symptoms of differential diagnoses, and understand the types of dementias and the clinical significance of using the global scales for staging the severity of dementia.
The goal of this program is to teach OTs how to recognize symptoms of differential diagnoses, understand the types of dementias, and understand the significance of using the global scales for staging the severity of dementia. After studying the information presented here, you will be able to —
- State the symptoms associated with the general definition of dementia based on the DSM IV.
- List three similarities and three differences between differential diagnosis of dementia delirium and depression.
- Describe how knowing the type of dementia can direct your care plan, including two examples.
- State how global scales for staging dementia are efficacious to use in clinical practice.
Content Level: Introductory
Domain of OT: Client Factors
Occupational Therapy Process: Evaluation
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